September 15, 2010

Reading Comp #2

1. I understand how and why the first sites of worship and sacrifice were simply marked by trees. Before knowing much about architecture, natural matters were the most simple and accessible to the builders, as well as, having a large connection to the gods and goddess that the Greeks worshiped. Worship was an important aspect of their culture and gave reasoning to any and everything that happened in the Greek world. Even so, when columns came about starting as wood then moving to stone and marble, the columns themselves were shaped in such a way that had purpose referring back to gods and goddesses, from the base, molding, decoration and even the shadows that the columns would cast. Hersey gives evidence in such statements as, “Another aspect of the column bas is the rich endowment of horizontal shadows....shadow was perceived by the ancients not as the mere absence of light but... mote-like souls of the dead... see them as thick with souls.”

2. The internet is full of gossip, historical readings, and theories that individuals come up with on their own and through some research. Gossip is the writers opinion on a celebrity, couples, etc. Historical readings are based off a persons findings at a site or through reading others research. And theories are just that, they are a view that someone wants to express and explain to the extent that they prefer. All these categories of internet sources are what one person wrote up and believed in their own state of mind. The internet is just a world wide tool, accessible to anyone and everyone. To believe everything you read would be naive, depending on the sources provided and evidence behind the individuals opinion help to make the information on the internet more believable. You can’t believe everything you read!

3. Queen Hatshepsut was one of the few female rulers in Ancient Egypt and died during the construction of a tomb but the funerary temple included the element of stacking yet was layered with many openings and a walkway up to the entrance. Even though Hatshepsut was a pharaoh, she was a Queen, not a King and may be the reasoning behind the significant difference in this burial to the large pyramids as in the Valley of the Kings and Giza.

4.The Temple of Horus is an ancient Egyptian temple for the chief god Horus-Apollo. Inscriptions on the walls tell important information on language myth, and religion during the Greco-Roman period. Also within the writings, details of the construction and preservation of temples. The temple was a center of several sacred events. An axial progression, rows of columns and sculpture connect this Egyptian temple to Grecian temples like the Temple of Poseidon. The Temple of Poseidon was rectangular with a colonnade on all four sides, only a percentage of those columns stand today. At the center of the temple would have been the hall of worship, a windowless rectangular room. The temple would have also had many decorative details that created a beautiful experience.The Temple of Poseidon is architecturally delightful but overall, the Temple of Horus holds a significant amount of historical importance through the inscriptions that sets it apart from being simply a site for worship.

5. Harwood’s examples of tables, stools, chairs and chests in Egyptian furniture are mainly constructed from local woods, some imported, painted to imitate better woods. Wood alone is a major factor in the difference of weight to the furniture and architecture within tombs. Tombs themselves are traditional made of stone and hard objects so to enter furniture made of wood would make the setting unbalanced. Wood was also an easily movable material, due to the lightweight, making traveling easier for pharaohs.

6. The Greek religion respects order. Males possess independence and ownership, while women are their fathers’ or husbands’ property. Their main duties were to have children and take care of the household. In the images on the urns, women are depicted just as history describes their responsibilities in their time. Women tended to their male figures, served them above anything else and with the images of the male figures sitting on the "thrones", being fed or admired by the women, further show the status males had over women in the ancient time of Greece.

1 comment:

  1. [1]What about his idea of sacrifice and details we see in this type of architecture [2]OK [3]Good start...more elaboration [4]Good [5]Good [6]Good observation on gender roles, but is this a reliable way to interpret past cultures?